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3-4 Ubuntu 上課用細部調整 18.04

雙系統安裝注意事項

和 5a88 配合使用,安裝切 30 GB 延伸磁碟 /dev/sda5

系統根目錄及開機區均指向 /dev/sda5 ,可不使用 swap 。

 

雙系統中和 windows 時間不一致

  • 16.04後:
How to Fix Time Differences in Ubuntu 16.04 & Windows 10 Dual Boot

#設定
timedatectl set-local-rtc 1 --adjust-system-clock
#檢查
timedatectl

 

數字小鍵盤 NumberLock 

  • sudo apt-get install numlockx
    • 以下這行在 ubuntu 18.04 不需要

#sudo sed -i 's|^exit 0.*$|# Numlock enable\n[ -x /usr/bin/numlockx ] \&\& numlockx on\n\nexit 0|' /etc/rc.local

  • 進入視窗界面:

sudo vi /usr/share/lightdm/lightdm.conf.d/50-unity-greeter.conf
greeter-setup-script=/usr/bin/numlockx on

或直接語法,最後加上一行

sudo sed -i '2 a greeter-setup-script=/usr/bin/numlockx on\n' /usr/share/lightdm/lightdm.conf.d/50-unity-greeter.conf   

補充:使用 gdm3 登入,修改方式。

軟體安裝

  • sudo apt-get install -y inkscape tuxpaint  audacity imagination  filezilla stellarium
  • sudo apt-get install -y gdebi   vlc winff tuxtype gimp gthumb
  • sudo apt-get install -y vim openssh-server nfs-common xinetd rsh-client rsh-server rsh-client ethtool wakeonlan

  • sudo apt-get install sox libsox-*

 

  • openshot

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:openshot.developers/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install openshot-qt

  • shutter 擷圖編輯
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:linuxuprising/shutter
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt install shutter

#擷取網頁
sudo apt install gnome-web-photo

其他軟體

xmind   (先做關聯)

chrome

 

 

SweetHome3D

  • 下載 SweetHome3D
  • 解壓縮放到 /opt/SweetHome3D-6.1.2

sudo ln -s /opt/SweetHome3D-6.1.2 /opt/SweetHome3D

建立捷徑:(root 權限)

cat << _EOF_ > /usr/share/applications/SweetHome3D.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Encoding=UTF-8
Version=1.0
Type=Application
Exec=/opt/SweetHome3D/SweetHome3D
Icon=/opt/SweetHome3D/SweetHome3DIcon.png
Terminal=false
Name=SweetHome3D
Comment=Programming system and content development tool
Categories=Application;Education;Development;ComputerScience;
MimeType=application/x-sweethome
_EOF_


做關連

cat << _EOF_ >/usr/share/mime/packages/sweethome.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<mime-info xmlns="http://www.freedesktop.org/standards/shared-mime-info">
<mime-type type="application/x-sweethome">
<comment></comment>
<glob pattern="*.sh3d"/>
</mime-type>
</mime-info>
_EOF_

關連更新

sudo update-desktop-database 

sudo update-mime-database /usr/share/mime

3DSlash 簡單的 3D 工具試用版

  • 下載 3dslash_linux_3_1_0.tgz
  • 解壓縮放到 /opt/3DSlash
  • sudo chown root.root /opt/3DSlash -R
  • 做啟動連結檔 (以root 權限)

 

 

cat << _EOF_ > /usr/share/applications/3DSlash.desktop
[Desktop Entry]
Encoding=UTF-8
Version=1.0
Type=Application
Exec=/opt/3DSlash/3DSlash-64
Icon=/opt/3DSlash/3DSlash.png
Terminal=false
Name=3D Slash
Comment=Programming system and content development tool
Categories=Application;Education;Development;ComputerScience;
_EOF_

 

 

wine 軟體

wine 4.0
 

sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386
wget -qO - https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key | sudo apt-key add -



###  Ubuntu 18.04 
sudo apt-add-repository 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/ubuntu/ bionic main'


sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install --install-recommends winehq-stable

 

 

Sculptris 3D塑型

  • 安裝 sculptris
  • 下載
  • 執行安裝

 

 

 

 


 


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